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Analysis of 5-aminolevulinic acid as a growth promoter using chlorophyll fluorescence.

Gillian Anne Fraser

Analysis of 5-aminolevulinic acid as a growth promoter using chlorophyll fluorescence.

by Gillian Anne Fraser

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Published by University of Strathclyde in Glasgow .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Dissertation (BSc Hons), University of Strathclyde, 2002.

The Physical Object
Pagination71p.p. :
Number of Pages71
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL18588915M

5-Aminolevulinic acid (ALA) is the universal precursor of tetrapyrroles, such as chlorophyll and heme. In mammals, yeast, fungi and the purple bacteria, ALA is formed by the Shemin pathway. Then it is used in the synthesis of hemes, vitamin B12 and bacterio-chlorophyll. In the chloroplasts of higher plants ALA is. We show that null mutations in FHY3 and FAR1 cause reduced protochlorophyllide (a precursor of chlorophyll) levels in darkness and less photobleaching in the light. We find that FHY3 directly binds to the promoter and activates expression of HEMB1, which encodes 5-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase in the chlorophyll biosynthetic pathway.

5-Aminolevulinic acid (ALA) is a precursor in the biosynthesis of tetrapyrroles including chlorophylls and heme. The formation of ALA involves two enzymatic steps which take place in the chloroplast in plants. The first enzyme, glutamyl-tRNA reductase, and the second enzyme, glutamatesemialdehyde-2,1-aminomutase, are encoded by the nuclear HEMA and GSA genes, respectively.   Time to Peak Fluorescence. Peak fluorescence intensity for protoporphyrin IX (metabolite of aminolevulinic acid) reached at approximately 11 or 12 hours in actinic keratoses or perilesional skin, respectively. a. Elimination Half-life. or hours with a mg aminolevulinic acid hydrochloride IV or oral dose, respectively. a.

5-Aminolevulinic acid (ALA) is the universal precursor for tetrapyrrole biosynthesis and is synthesized in plants in three enzymatic steps: ligation of glutamate (Glu) to tRNA Glu by glutamyl-tRNA synthetase, reduction of activated Glu to Glusemialdehyde by glutamyl-tRNA reductase (GluTR), and transamination to ALA by Glu 1-semialdehyde aminotransferase.   Enhancement of 5-aminolevulinic acid-based fluorescence detection of side population-defined glioma stem cells by iron chelation. Sci. .


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Analysis of 5-aminolevulinic acid as a growth promoter using chlorophyll fluorescence by Gillian Anne Fraser Download PDF EPUB FB2

Photodynamic therapy using 5‐aminolevulinic acid is a treatment method in which the fluorescent substance of protoporphyrin IX excessively accumulated specifically in cancer cells is excited by visible red or green light irradiation, and reactive oxygen is produced and injures cancer by: CHLOROPHYLL FLUORESCENCE Using a chlorophyll fluorometer (Model, Multi-Mode-OS5P, USA), chlorophyll fluorescence attributes were recorded of intact leaves following Strasser et al.

CHLOROPHYLL CONTENTS Photosynthetic pigments were analyzed pursuing the method of Arnon (). mg Fresh leaf was collected in an ice containing container. 5‐Aminolevulinic acid (ALA), an intermediate of the biological tetrapyrrole synthesis, can be used as a photodynamic herbicide/insecticide.

Among the various microorganisms capable of its production, anoxygenic phototrophic bacteria produce ALA in considerable amounts, making it worthwhile to work toward commercial by: apy and immunofluorescence of tumors.

An analysis of compiled data relating to safety and any side-effects about the use of 5-ALA at low doses has not yet been published. Purpose: This report analyzes data about the safety of the use of 5-Aminolevulinic Acid (5-ALA) in low doses as a supplement over an extended period of time.

Methods: This. When melon seedlings (Cucumis melo L. Ximiya No. 1) were cultured in a growth chamber with about µmol m −2 s −1 photon flux density, the leaf photosynthetic ability reduced dramatically as leaf position decreased from the application of 5‐aminolevulinic acid (ALA) solutions significantly increased the net photosynthetic rate (P n) as well as apparent quantum yield (AQY Cited by:   Hotta Y, Tanaka T, Takaoka H, Takeuchi Y, Konnai M (b) New physiological effects of 5-aminolevulinic acid in plants: The increase of photosynthesis, chlorophyll content, and plant growth.

Biosci Biotechnol Biochem – CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar. 5-Aminolevulinic acid (ALA) is the universal precursor for tetrapyrrole biosynthesis and is synthesized in plants in three enzymatic steps: ligation of glutamate (Glu) to tRNA(Glu) by glutamyl.

5-Aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) is a nonfluorescent amino acid precursor that accumulates intracellularly, resulting in the build-up of fluorescent porphyrins in gliomas (Stummer et al., ). Fluorescent porphyrins are visible using a long-pass microscope filter in WHO grade III and IV gliomas; however, visualization in WHO grade II gliomas requires the use of a photospectrometer.

If the function of the chlorophyll biosynthetic enzymes is disrupted, oxidative stress responses can occur; for example, transgenic Arabidopsis plants with reduced levels of HEMB1, encoding a 5-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase, exhibited increased ROS accumulation, cell death and high levels of stress-responsive gene expression (Wang et al.

Hydrogenobyrinic acid (HBA) is the first stable intermediate in the oxygen-dependent (aerobic) biosynthetic pathway of vitamin B 12 (cobalamin) [1, 2].It is a modified tetrapyrrole that belongs to the same class of compounds as heme, chlorophyll, siroheme, and coenzyme F [].Modified tetrapyrroles are synthesized via a branched biosynthetic pathway, with 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA).

5-aminolevulinic acid is the simplest delta-amino acid in which the hydrogens at the gamma position are replaced by an oxo group. It is metabolised to protoporphyrin IX, a photoactive compound which accumulates in the (in the form of the hydrochloride salt)in combination with blue light illumination for the treatment of minimally to moderately thick actinic keratosis of the face or.

5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) is a kind of nonprotein amino acid found in plants, animals, fungi, and bacteria [].ALA is a key precursor in the biosynthesis of all porphyrin compounds, like chlorophyll, heme, and phytohormones [].Exogenous ALA application has been reported to regulate chlorophyll biosynthesis and photosynthesis, thus increasing crop yields [8,12].

Liu D, Wu L, Naeem MS, Liu H, Deng X, et al. () 5-Aminolevulinic acid enhances photosynthetic gas exchange, chlorophyll fluorescence and antioxidant system in oilseed rape under drought stress. Acta Physiol Plant – Fluorescence imaging.

5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) is a precursor of hemoglobin that promotes synthesis and accumulation of fluorescent porphyrins in epithelia (skin, gut, etc.) and malignant tissues including glioma (Regula et al ; Stummer et al ).

Fluorescent porphyrins can be visualized under a specialized operating microscope and. 5-Aminolevulinic acid is the precursor of protoporphyrin IX in the heme synthetic pathway.

It is used as a photodiagnostic agent; fluorescence diagnostics. Photodynamic processes and the synthesis of 5-aminolevulinic acid in chlorella cells treated with amino acids and 1,phenanthroline. Russian Journal of Plant Physiology53 (6), DOI: /S 5-Aminolevulinic acid (ALA) is an essential biosynthetic precursor and is considered to be a plant growth regulator [8,9].The compound is a key precursor in the biosynthesis of porphyrin compounds, such as chlorophyll, heme, and plant hormones [].In addition, ALA is involved in photosynthesis regulation under abiotic stress.

INTRODUCTION. As the common precursor of tetrapyrroles such as porphyrin, heme, vitamin B 12, and chlorophyll, 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) has been reported to be effective in tumor-localizing and photodynamic therapy for various diseases (1 – 3).ALA can also be used as a selective biodegradable herbicide and insecticide or an adversity resistance and growth-accelerating agent in agriculture.

proaches have been used to alleviate salinity stress of various crops; one of which is the use of plant growth regulators (PGRs). In recent years, 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA), a key precursor in the biosynthesis of all porphyrin compounds, including vitamin B12, chlorophyll, heme, and phytochrome, is considered to be a new PGR.

5-Aminolevulinic acid (ALA) promoted the growth and yield of several crops and vegetables at concentrations lower than those eliciting herbicidal responses, i.e., less than m m by foliar spray and 60 μ m by root soaking.

To evaluate the physiological action of ALA, the effects of ALA on plants were examined by several bioassay systems at – μ m. Objectives: The aim of this study is to discuss the effects of 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) on fruit tree cutting.

Methods: The cuttings of fig (Ficus carica L. 'Brunswick') were sprayed withand mg.L-1 5-ALA solutions when they were 20 cm high to study the effects on the young plant growth and the leaf chlorophyll fast fluorescence characteristics with a M-PEA (multi-function.δ-Aminolevulinic acid (also dALA, δ-ALA, 5ALA or 5-aminolevulinic acid), an endogenous non-proteinogenic amino acid, is the first compound in the porphyrin synthesis pathway, the pathway that leads to heme in mammals, as well as chlorophyll in plants.

5ALA is used in photodynamic detection and surgery of cancer.5-Aminolevulinic acid (ALA) is the universal precursor for tetrapyrrole biosynthesis and is synthesized in plants in three enzymatic steps: ligation of glutamate (Glu) to tRNAGlu by glutamyl-tRNA synthetase, reduction of activated Glu to Glusemialdehyde by glutamyl-tRNA reductase (GluTR), and transamination to ALA by Glu 1-semialdehyde aminotransferase.

ALA formation controls the metabolic.